Доц. др Слободан Д. Јовановић
Факултет за правне и пословне студије Нови Сад

UDK 94(410)”14”

Тhe Tudor Age –the time when foundations were laid to the Britishculture we are studying today

Summary: The Tudors were a dynasty of Kings and Queens who ruled England, Wales and parts of Ireland from 1485 to 1603. The period begins when Henry Tudor, a Lancastrian, defeated King Richard III at the battle of Bosworth Field in 1485 ending the War of the Roses which had been waged between the Yorkists and Lancastrians. The era followed of private enterprise and expanding genius associated with the personalities of Francis Drake, Walter Raleigh, Ben Jonson, William Shakespeare, or Francis Bacon, as a normal outcome of two hundred years of social disruption and rebirth, of the appeal of Renaissance and Reformation to the individual mind and conscience, and the subjection of corporate power to the national will embodied in Crown and Parliament. The mediaeval system passed away, not by chance but on account of profound changes in the habits of the English people, the emancipation of the villeins, the growth of London, the rise of educated and active-minded middle classes, the spread of cloth manufacture and other trading activities. The adoption of the English language by the educated classes and the shaping thereof through the new system of education and the invention of the printing press to undermine the churchman’s monopoly of learning, the discovery of the ocean trade routes and of the New World, all the changes, spiritual and material, are only some of the most significant milestones on the historical road known as the Tudor Age.

Key words: Renaissance, middle classes, education, the theatre, Elizabethan times
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